The hottest Robot Revolution is not an independent

2022-10-20
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"Robot Revolution" is not an independent revolution

Robot Revolution is not an independent revolution, but an organic part of the third industrial revolution characterized by digitalization, intelligence and networking. If the second industrial revolution realized the substitution of machine for human physical labor through the automation and standardization of equipment, the Robot Revolution promoted the substitution of machine for human mental labor. Its impact is not limited to the improvement of industrial production efficiency, but also to fundamentally overcome the conflict between product cost and product diversity under the traditional industrial production mode, thus promoting the transformation from linear product development process to parallel product development process, so that industrial product performance can be significantly improved, product functions are greatly enriched, and product development cycle is greatly reduced

At the same time, the robot revolution is also causing profound changes in production relations, which has changed the status and role of people in industrial production. On the one hand, due to the extension of machine functions and the replacement of people, the demand for people in a single production unit is relatively reduced; On the other hand, the increase of machine complexity actually puts forward higher requirements for industrial workers' skills in multiple fields and knowledge in programming, system processing and so on. All these mean that with the cleaning up of the wave of Robot Revolution, the connotation of a country's industrial competitive advantage, the resource base on which the industrial competitive advantage depends, and the form of industrial division of labor among countries will undergo profound changes. If we cannot comply with the requirements of this round of revolution, we will face the risk of further losing the dominant power of industrial competition

on the whole, the robot revolution has the following characteristics:

first, intelligence has become the core feature of the new generation of robots. Robots equipped with sensors and artificial intelligence can automatically recognize environmental changes, thereby reducing dependence on people. In the future, unmanned factories can automatically plan production processes and processes according to order requirements, and complete production without participation

second, high-speed network and cloud storage make robots the terminals and nodes of IOT. With the progress of information technology, industrial robots will be more effectively connected to the network to form a larger production system. It is possible for multiple robots to cooperate to realize a set of production solutions; Service robots and home robots can also realize remote monitoring through the network; The cooperation between multiple robots can provide services with more processes and more complex operations

third, the production cost of robots has fallen rapidly. In the industrial field, the technology and process of robots are becoming more and more mature, and the cost performance is constantly improving. The price difference between the initial investment of robots and the traditional special equipment is shrinking. Although there is still a gap with traditional equipment in power and speed, robots have significant advantages in refinement, flexibility, intelligence and informatization. Therefore, it has higher economic efficiency to replace traditional special equipment in product manufacturing with high degree of personalization and cumbersome process and process. The decline in cost also makes robots gradually enter offices and homes

fourth, the application field of robots continues to expand. Robots were initially used in automotive and electronic industries with a high degree of modularity. With the improvement of intelligence and the ability to complete more complex actions, robots are also widely used in textile, chemical and food industries. With the continuous maturity of technology and the increase of labor cost, the application of industrial robots will be extended to the whole industrial field

fifth, the human-machine relationship has undergone profound changes. On the one hand, the operating system and control system of the computer will be standardized and platformized. In the future, instructions can be sent to the robot through different ports included. On the other hand, it has become a trend for people and robots to cooperate with each other to achieve a certain goal. Mature technology will enhance people's trust in robots, and the cooperative relationship between people and robots will be further enhanced

led the wave of intelligence, and clearly proposed to boost the manufacturing industry with the development of industrial robots

the United States has developed the first generation of industrial robots as early as 1962, but due to the pressure of employment, it was not immediately put into widespread application. It was not until the late 1970s that the Japanese automobile enterprises that used a large number of industrial robots posed a threat to the United States that the U.S. government lifted the restrictions on the application of industrial robots and stepped up the formulation of policies to promote the development and application of this technology. Since then, American enterprises have achieved rapid growth in market share through the production of second-generation robots with vision and force, but they have not yet got rid of the problem of emphasizing theory and neglecting application, nor have they broken the monopoly pattern of Japan and Europe. By 2013, the global market share of American industrial robot manufacturers was still less than 10%, and most of the new domestic installed capacity came from imports

in June 2011, Obama announced the launch of the advanced manufacturing partnership program, which clearly proposed to boost the U.S. manufacturing industry through the development of industrial robots. According to the plan, the United States will invest $2.8 billion to focus on the development of the third generation of intelligent robots based on mobile Internet technology. According to the data of the world technology assessment center, the United States is currently in the leading position in the world in terms of industrial robot architecture; Its technology is more comprehensive, accurate and adaptable than other countries, and its robot language research level is higher, ranking first in the world. These technologies are integrated with their inherent advantages of information network technology, which lays an advanced and reliable foundation for robot intelligence

with intelligence as the main direction, American enterprises, on the one hand, increase the research and development of new materials, strive to significantly reduce the weight to load ratio of robots, and on the other hand, accelerate the development of artificial intelligence technologies such as vision and touch, such as visual assembly control and navigation. With the advent of the era of intelligent manufacturing, the United States has enough potential to surpass Japan and Europe. It is worth noting that American Internet companies represented by Google have also begun to enter the field of robots, trying to integrate virtual network capabilities and real-world motion capabilities to promote the intelligence of robots. Google acquired a number of technology companies in 2013, and has initially achieved business deployment in many key areas of intelligent robots, such as vision systems, strength and structure, joints and arms, human-computer interaction, and fake and shoddy products that will make its manufacturers obsolete. Rollers and mobile devices. If its robot department can continue to grow in accordance with the goal of organizing global information, Google can not only enter the rapidly growing intelligent industrial robot market in the future, but also obtain a huge amount of information from robot applications to feed its data business

the industrial system is complete, and the government vigorously promotes the popularization of applications and technological breakthroughs

after the war, Japan's economy has entered a period of rapid growth. The lack of labor supply and the development of technology intensive industries represented by automobiles have stimulated the rapid growth of the demand for industrial robots. In the 1960s, after Japan introduced industrial robot technology from the United States, through introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation, it took the lead in realizing the commercial application of robots in 1980, and has maintained the industrial technology and market competitive advantage so far. Japanese industrial robots represented by FANUC and Yaskawa compete with European and American industrial robots. In 2012, benefiting from the substantial growth in the demand for industrial robots in the downstream automotive industry, Japan once again became the world's largest industrial robot market, with the density of industrial robots as high as 332 sets/10000 people, the highest in the world

the industrial competitive advantage of Japanese industrial robots lies in the complete supporting industrial system, which has strong technical advantages in key parts such as controllers, sensors, reducers, servo motors, numerical control systems, and so on, effectively promoting the development of industrial robots in the direction of miniaturization, lightweight, networking, humanization, and cheapness. In recent years, it has also shown a trend of driving the development of the service robot industry with the advantages of the industrial robot industry, and focusing on the development of medical/nursing robots and disaster relief robots to cope with the aging population and natural disasters

the Japanese government plays an important role in it. As early as the take-off stage of the development of industrial robots in Japan, the Japanese government has vigorously promoted the popularization and application of robots through a series of fiscal, tax, investment and financial leasing policies, and promoted technological breakthroughs through research and development policies. The Japan robot industry association, officially established in 1972, also plays an important role. The organization promotes and popularizes industrial robots by encouraging research and development, winning government policy support, and hosting expositions. Since entering the new century [4.67% capital research report], the Japanese government has paid more attention to the development of the industrial robot industry. In 2002, the Ministry of economy, trade and industry began to implement the robot challenge plan for the 21st century, supporting the robot industry as a high-end industry, and taking support measures such as increasing research and development support, developing public platforms, developing a new generation of robot applications and man-machine friendly robots, in an effort to expand the world's leading industrial robot technology to social undertakings such as medical treatment, welfare and disaster prevention. In 2004, the new industrial structure report implemented by the Ministry of economy and industry listed robots as a key industry, and the emerging industry promotion strategy in 2005 once again listed robots as one of the seven emerging industries. Since then, it has become normal for the Ministry of economy and industry to support the development of the robot industry with various industrial policies. The Ministry of general affairs, the Ministry of education, science and technology, the Ministry of land and transportation and other departments of Japan actively implement robot related projects, and promote the progress of robot technology and industrial development by holding social activities such as robot awards and robot competitions

Germany

drives the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and the government subsidizes human-computer interaction technology and software development

although Germany introduced industrial robots a little later than Japan, similar to Japan, the labor shortage after World War II and the requirements to improve the technological level of manufacturing industry have greatly promoted the development of German industrial robots. In addition to being used in technology intensive industries such as automobiles and electronics, German industrial robots are also widely equipped in traditional industries including plastics, rubber, metallurgy, food, packaging, wood, furniture and textiles, actively driving the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries. In 2011, the sales volume of industrial robots in Germany hit a record high and maintained the position of the largest multi-purpose industrial robot market in Europe, with the density of industrial robots reaching 147 sets/10000 people

the German government plays an important role in the initial stage of the development of industrial robots. After that, industrial demand leads the development of industrial robots in the direction of intelligence, lightweight, flexibility and energy efficiency. In the middle and late 1970s, the German government enforced that some dangerous, toxic and harmful jobs must be replaced by robots in the implementation of the plan to improve working conditions, which opened the initial market for the application of robots. In 1985, Germany began to march into the field of intelligent robots. After 10 years of efforts, industrial robot enterprises represented by KUKA occupy a leading position in the world. In 2012, Germany launched the industrial 4.0 plan focusing on smart factories, and industrial robots promoted the transformation of manufacturing to flexibility and personalization. According to this plan, through intelligent human-computer interaction sensors, humans can remotely manage the next generation of industrial robots with the help of IOT. This kind of robot will also have the network wake-up mode of production gap to solve the problem of high energy consumption in use and promote the green upgrading of manufacturing industry. At present, the German Federal Ministry of education and research has begun to fund the research and development of human-computer interaction technology and software

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